Aerospace Engineering
N.A. GATSONIS, DEPARTMENT HEAD
PROFESSORS: M. Demetriou, N. A. Gatsonis
ASSOCIATE PROFESSORS: J. Blandino, R. Cowlagi, N. Karanigaokar, D. Olinger, M. Richman
ASSISTANT PROFESSORS: J. Jayachandran, Y. Lu, Z. Yuan, A. Jagtap
ASSISTANT TEACHING PROFESSOR: Z. Taillefer
PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES
The graduates of the Bachelor of Science in Aerospace Engineering degree program will:

Become successful professionals in aerospace and related engineering fields, employed by industry or government.

Become recipients of graduate degrees in aerospace and related engineering areas or in other professional areas.

Have impactful careers due to their mastery of technical concepts in aeronautical and astronautical engineering, broad preparation, communication and teamwork skills, appreciation of ethical and social responsibilities in professional practice, and commitment to lifelong learning.
STUDENT OUTCOMES
The graduates of the Bachelor of Science in Aerospace Engineering degree program will attain the following outcomes that support the educational objectives:

an ability to identify, formulate, and solve complex engineering problems by applying principles of engineering, science, and mathematics.

an ability to apply engineering design to produce solutions that meet specified needs with consideration of public health, safety, and welfare, as well as global, cultural, social, environmental, and economic factors.

an ability to communicate effectively with a range of audiences.

an ability to recognize ethical and professional responsibilities in engineering situations and make informed judgments, which must consider the impact of engineering solutions in global, economic, environmental, and societal contexts.

an ability to function effectively on a team whose members together provide leadership, create a collaborative and inclusive environment, establish goals, plan tasks, and meet objectives.

an ability to develop and conduct appropriate experimentation, analyze and interpret data, and use engineering judgment to draw conclusions .

an ability to acquire and apply new knowledge as needed, using appropriate learning strategies.

knowledge covering one area emphasized – aeronautical engineering or astronautical engineering – and, in addition, knowledge of some topics from the area not emphasized.

major engineering design competence that incorporates appropriate engineering standards and multiple constraints, is based on the knowledge and skills acquired in earlier course work, and includes integration of aeronautical or astronautical topics.
Majors

Aerospace Engineering Major, Bachelor of Science
Minors
Classes
AE 2110: Introduction to Incompressible Fluid Dynamics
This course covers the fundamentals of inviscid and viscous incompressible fluid dynamics. Topics presented will be considered from the following: fluid kinematics and deformation; integral conservation laws of mass, momentum and energy for finite systems and control volumes; differential conservation laws of mass, momentum and energy; the NavierStokes equations; the streamfunction and the velocity potential. Applications will be considered from the following topics: hydrostatics; incompressible, inviscid, irrotational (potential) flows; incompressible boundary layer flows; viscous incompressible steady internal and external flows; and dimensional analysis.
AE 2210: Introduction to Thermal Engineering
Thermal engineering encompasses a broad range of topics that include the behavior of matter and energy and their interaction as part of a system with the surrounding environment. This course covers topics from the fields of thermodynamics and heat transfer. You will learn how to identify systems and to use thermodynamic analysis to describe the behavior of the system in terms of properties and processes. Heat transfer between systems is a fundamental part of many engineering disciplines. While thermodynamics provides the foundation for understanding the energy distribution in a system in equilibrium, heat transfer provides a means for determining the rates of energy transfer under a variety of conditions. Understanding how to apply these concepts is a powerful tool for the engineer, enabling the evaluation of material states (phases) under different conditions and the maximum efficiency achievable with various power cycles. After completing this course, you should be able to define and describe properties and processes used in thermodynamic analysis and the governing laws. You should also be able to define and describe the phenomena of conduction, convection, and radiation and apply the heat diffusion equation to determine the temperature distribution in objects subject to different thermal boundary conditions. Finally, you should be able to calculate the heat transfer rates for objects subject to different (and combined) modes of heat transfer.
AE 2310: Introduction to Aerospace Control Systems
This course introduces feedback control systems analysis and design for applications to aircraft and spacecraft. Topics include: linear dynamical systems modeling of aircraft and spacecraft motion, including linearization; identification and transient response analysis of typical modes of motion; time and frequency domain analysis; Bode plots; criteria for stability; design of stability augmentation and, attitude and orbital control systems using linear state feedback or PID control; numerical simulation of controlled and uncontrolled aircraft and spacecraft motion.
AE 2320: Introduction to Orbital Mechanics
An introductory course that covers the fundamentals of space flight. Topics studied include: twobody orbital dynamics, classification of orbits, and time of flight analysis; geocentric orbits and impulsive maneuvers: orbit shaping, escape trajectories, Hohmann and nonHohmann transfers; orbital elements in 3D; interplanetary Hohmann and generalized transfers, intercepts, flybys.
AE 2410: Introduction to Aerospace Structures
This course provides a concise overview of statics and then focuses on basic stress analysis applied to simple aerospace structures. Topics in stress analysis include: concepts of stress and strain; basic constitutive relations; onedimensional response to axial loading; thermal stresses; statically determinate and indeterminate problems; shear forces, bending moments, bending stresses and deflections in beams with symmetric crosssections; twodimensional stress transformation and Mohr’s circle; and an introduction to energy methods in structural analysis.
AE 3010: Experimentation and Data Science with Aerospace Engineering Applications
In this course, students are introduced to experimental and data analysis techniques in modern aerospace engineering measurement methods and experimentation, based on electronic instrumentation and computerbased data acquisition systems. Students are also introduced in principles of instrumentation, with laboratory periods that provide an opportunity to use modern devices in actual experiments. Lecture topics include review of experimentation and measurement fundamentals, discussion of standards, experiment planning and design, data acquisition, analysis of experimental data, error propagation, uncertainty estimation, and report writing. Laboratory experiments include flow visualization and property measurement, force/torque/strain measurement, motion/vibration measurement, control systems, and temperature measurement. Laboratory experiments incorporate data science methods such as data decomposition, regression, filtering, distributions, optimization, estimation, prediction.
AE 3110: Fundamentals of Compressible Fluid Dynamics
In this course, students are introduced to various compressibility phenomena such as compression (shock) and expansion waves. Conservation laws and thermodynamic principles are applied to the description of flows in which compressibility effects are significant. Onedimensional models are applied to analysis of flow in variable area ducts, normal and oblique shock waves, expansion waves, and flows with friction and heat addition. Numerous applications from engineering are investigated including supersonic inlets, rocket nozzles, supersonic wind tunnels, gas delivery systems, and afterburning jet engines.
Thermodynamics, incompressible fluid dynamics (AE 2110 or equivalent).
AE 3120: Fundamentals of Aerodynamics
This course introduces students to the aerodynamics of airfoils, wings, and aircraft in the subsonic and supersonic regimes. Topics covered include: prediction of aerodynamic forces (lift, drag) and moments, dynamic similarity, experimental techniques in aerodynamics, KuttaJoukowski theorem, circulation, thin airfoil theory, panel methods, finite wing theory, subsonic compressible flow over airfoils, linearized supersonic flow, and viscous flow over airfoils.
AE 3310: Fundamentals of Navigation and Communication
This course covers methods and current technologies in the analysis, synthesis, and practice of aerospace guidance, navigation, and communications systems. Topics covered include: attitude and position kinematics, inertial navigation systems, global satellite navigation systems, communication architectures for satellite navigation, satellite link performance parameters and design considerations, tropospheric and ionospheric effects on radiowave propagation, least squares estimation, and the Kalman filter.
AE 3420: Fundamentals of Aerospace Structures
This course focuses on intermediatelevel topics in stress analysis relevant to aerospace structures. Topics include: buckling under centric and eccentric loadings with and without lateral loads applied; torsion of solid circular and noncircular cross sections; torsion of thinwalled multicelled members; flexural shear flow in and shear center of thin walled multicelled members; bending stresses in beams with unsymmetric cross sections; stresses under combined loadings; and threedimensional states of stress. The laboratory component of this course provides testing and measurement experience related to buckling of columns under a variety of loadings and support conditions; and to the determination of the shear center and bending response of beams with unsymmetric cross sections.
AE 3430: Fundamentals of Composite Materials
This course provides an overview of the processing techniques and mechanical behavior of composite materials relevant to aerospace applications. Topics in this course may include: classification of composites; elasticity of composite materials; the effect of reinforcements on strength and toughness; bonding mechanisms of interfaces in composite; fabrication methods for polymermatrix composite materials; viscoelasticity and creep of composites; advanced composites materials (biocomposites, nanocomposites).
AE 4210: Fundamentals of AirBreathing Propulsion
This course introduces the principles of operation of airbreathing engines, including gasturbines (turbojets, turbofans, and turboprops), ramjets, and scramjets. Topics covered include: engine thrust and efficiency analysis; working principles and performance analysis of diffusers, compressors, combustors, and nozzles; parametric cycle analysis; effect of irreversibilities on performance. The topics covered are also relevant to the operation of gasturbines used for power generation.
AE 4220: Fundamentals of Rocket Propulsion
This course provides a study of rocket propulsion systems for launch vehicles and spacecraft. Dynamics, performance, and optimization of rocketpropelled vehicles are presented. Performance and component analysis of chemical propulsion systems are covered including flight dynamics, vehicle staging, nozzle design, and thermochemistry of bipropellant and monopropellant thrusters. Different classes of electric thrusters are introduced along with the concept of optimal specific impulse.
AE 4310: Fundamentals of Aircraft Dynamics and Control
This course covers models of fixedwing aircraft dynamics, and the design of aircraft control systems. Topics include: aircraft performance, longitudinal and lateral flight dynamics, simulation methodologies, natural modes of motion, static and dynamic stability, and aircraft control systems (such as autopilot design, flight path control, and automatic landing).
Controls (AE 2310 or equivalent), attitude and position kinematics (or equivalent).
AE 4320: Fundamentals of Spacecraft Dynamics and Control
The course covers broad topics in spacecraft attitude dynamics, stability and control. The course includes a review of particle and twobody dynamics and introduction to rigid body dynamics. Orbital and attitude maneuvers are presented. Attitude control devices and momentum exchange techniques such as spinners, dual spinners, gravity gradient, and geomagnetic torques are presented. Attitude sensors/actuators are presented and the attitude control problem is introduced. Openloop stability analysis for a variety of equilibrium conditions is discussed. Control using momentum exchange and mass expulsion (thrusters) devices is discussed. The analyses and designs will be implemented using scientific computing software such as MATLAB®.
AE 4410: Fundamentals of Structural Dynamics
This course introduces the analysis of vibrations of flexible bodies encountered as elements of aircraft and space structures. Topics include: modeling of aerospace structures with lumped parameters using Newton’s Law and Lagrange’s equations, free and forced vibration response of single degree of freedom systems and multidegree of freedom systems, design of simplified vibration absorption systems, dynamic testing, modal analysis for determining structural response of lumped and continuous systems.
AE 4510: Aircraft Design
This course introduces students to design of aircraft systems. Students complete a conceptual design of an aircraft in a termlong project. Students are exposed to the aircraft design process, and must establish design specifications, develop and analyze alternative designs, and optimize their designs to meet mission requirements. Students work together in teams to apply material learned in the areas of aerodynamics, aerospace materials, structures, propulsion, flight mechanics, and stability and control, to the preliminary design of an aircraft. The project requirements are selected to reflect reallife aircraft mission requirements, and teams are required to design systems which incorporate appropriate engineering standards and multiple realistic constraints. The teams present their design in a final report and oral presentation.
AE 4520: Spacecraft and Mission Design
This course introduces students to design of spacecraft and missions. Students are introduced to the process of designing a spacecraft and major subsystems to meet a specific set of objectives or needs. In addition, students will learn about different spacecraft subsystems and what factors drive their design. Students complete a termlong spacecraft design project conducted by teams. The project addresses orbital mechanics, the space environment, attitude determination and control, telecommunications, space structures, and propulsion, along with other spacecraft subsystems. The project requirements are selected to reflect reallife missions, and teams are required to design systems which incorporate appropriate engineering standards and multiple realistic constraints. The teams present their design in a final report and oral presentation.
PH 2550/AE 2550: Atmospheric and Space Environments
This course introduces the ambient atmospheric and space environments encountered by aerospace vehicles. Topics include: the sun and solar activity; the solar wind; planetary magnetospheres; planetary atmospheres; radiation environments; galactic cosmic rays; meteoroids; and space debris.